Bubble yuan's Blog

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This blog was originally created for my school’s media-related assignment but has slowly evolved for more personal use. Do check out my wardrobe sale and wedding craft section. PM me for details on pricing, shipping etc if needed.

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From prior to creating this blog to the blogging process, doing research for my blog postings and customizing the layout, has taught me to acquire publishing skills and lots of patience.

Such as applying theoretical tools to practical use in my blog entries. For example, Parker (1990, pp. 1-21) illustrates how to create positive layouts through a simple guide. For example, the points I found helpful was experiment, consistency, direction and contrast. This is demonstrated in my posting on Classification of Blogs.

The elements that help to create visual presentation on online platforms is constantly evolving. However, the fundamental concepts do not change. Parker (2003, p.  265-293) illustrates the design considerations from moving print to web format.

For example, Parker (2003, p. 273) highlights the problems that occur with web documents. Such as to avoid overcrowding the webpage with text. This is demonstrated in my blog postings by inserting pictures in between the text to ease the eyes.

Thus, the blog has helped me learnt more about the issues in publication and design in a creative manner. I have also learnt being a blogger, comes with social responsibility by providing information that is accurate and credible.





♥ Parker, Roger C, 1990, Looking Good in Print: A guide to Basic Design for Desktop Publishing, Ventana Press, Chapel Hill NC, viewed on 20 September 2009, <http://p8080-;

♥ Parker, Roger C, 2003, Looking Good in Print, Paraglyph Press, Scottsdage, Ariz, viewed on 20 September 2009, <http://p8080-;

Authors of online publications such as bloggers are liable for the information that is published on the internet in public view. Third parties such as search engines (see also my previous posting 7(c)) are not liable.

Blogs are the most common type of publication that can easily publish content of defamatory as blogs  are usually personal and self-regulated. Four general types of information online can lead to legal proceedings:


1. Defamation or Liability

When a person posts an opinion or remark that harbours ill feelings towards other individuals or attacks the reputation of an organization, a defamation situation can occur and the author is liable for his published opinions.


– 2005, Traffic Power sued US blogger Aaron Wall <click here>

– 2009, Indian blogger, Chetan Kunte receives legal notice from NDTV  ———(no hyperlink available)


2. Employment

When employees blog about their workplace or aspects of their work environment, it may affect the branding of the company. Staying anonymous in their blogs are ineffective if their employers decide to pursue the matter.


-2005, former Assistant Product Manager at Google, Mark Jen, was fired after 10 days of employment as he blogged about corporate secrets <click here>


3. Political

Blogs that expresses sensitive issues towards politics.


– 2009, Vietnam blogger criticized the Communists Party’s policies <click here>


4. Personal Safety

In some situations, blogs creates an open forum that genrates unwanted attention that may lead to insults, death threats and personal attacks.


– 2007, Kathy Sierra’s life was threatened due to blogging <click here>

On one hand, online publications such as blogs which may also publish print publication in discussion are able to generate massive viewership and fame worldwide almost instantaneously.

The other, the freedom of online speech when expressed without writing or social ethics could face the justice system. Therefore, we need to take on social responsibility as individuals when publishing content online.





♥ Wikipedia, 2009, Aaron Wall, viewed 19 September 2009, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron_Wall>

Hearn, Louisa, 2009, Sydney Morning Herald : Fired Bloggers’ revenge against bosses, viewed on 20 September 2009 <http://www.smh.com.au/news/technology/fired-bloggers-revenge-against-bosses/2005/08/03/1122748676955.html&gt;

♥ The Straits Times, 2009, Dissident Blogger detained, viewed on 20 September 2009 <http://www.straitstimes.com/Breaking%2BNews/SE%2BAsia/Story/STIStory_423598.html&gt;

♥ BBC News, 2009, Blog Death threats spark debate, viewed on 20 September 2009 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/6499095.stm&gt;

google_mobileIf the content published online is found to be inappropriate or offensive such as remarks on racism, then whether blogging professionally or for personal can raise potentially unethical issues.

The information in online publications are constantly under public scrutiny. As publishing an article, photo, video or comments to a thread online are made accessible to anyone.

Take the case of Google. Google UK and its US headquarters was previously sued by Metropolitan International School for online defamatory. The school had accused Google of allowing a posting on a forum to be published.

The High Court judge who trialed the case declared that Google was only an innocent third party.  These reasons being Google was not the direct publisher of the information and thus, cannot be held liable or be penalized for defamatory resulted from the forum posting.

The High Court judge, Judge Eady, said victims of defamation should direct their complaint to the author who wrote and published the information.

To read the full details of the article, please follow this link:


Other online defamation cases


1. US blogger charged for ‘prostituting’ comment (AFP) –

Link: http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5gntcSbiVZObFVO3OHeAzWZTzw8-Q


2. Two Singaporean bloggers sentenced to one month in jail for racist remarks (UCLA Asia Institute) –

Link: http://www.asiamedia.ucla.edu/article.asp?parentid=31206

3. Controversial Advertisement banned from airing in The Gruen Transfer (The Canberra Times) –

Link: http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/news/entertainment/gruen-ad-ban-sparks-online-debate/1513353.aspx





♥ Shankland, Shepard, Cnet News, 2009, Uk court clears Google search in defamation case, viewed 20 September 2009, <http://news.cnet.com/8301-13578_3-10291217-38.html>

The earlier posting on media publishing issues shows that print publications are in scrutiny of the public eye. It becomes a felony in Singapore if the contentious material, intended to discriminate a certain group, is distributed under the Sedition Act.

The Sedition Act helps to determine how serious the offence of the individuals are. Maintaining racial harmony has alerted the Deputy Prime Minister to readdress the issue during his National Day Speech Rally.




icouple1. Christian couple sentenced for possession and distribution of anti-Muslim booklets

A protestant couple, Mr Ong Kien Cheong and Dorothy  Chan Hien Leng were previously on trial under two  Acts, the Sedition Act and Undesirable Publications  Act, for distributing and possessing booklets which  promotes anti-Muslim.

Both husband and wife were sentenced to 8 weeks in  jail in May this year 2009.


To read the actual articles, please follow these links:




2. The Adventures of Tintin (see also my previous posting – 7(a))

The famous comic series has recently been capturing the attention of the media due to its long history of controversial illustrations by Belgian artist, Hergé. Published in black and white in 1931, redrawn in 1946 and ammended again in 1975 to be reprinted in colour. It depicts values of colonialism in Belgium and has been slammed as being cruel, fascist and violent. In 2007 and 2009, UK’s CRE and  libraries in Brooklyn, New York respectively called for action to remove the comic from their shelves due to its racially offensive content. The artist, Hergé, says the comic was not meant to be malicious but rather was to give a true picture on the colonial state in Belgium at that time.




– What is the Sedition Act?

◊ All forms of publication that are seditious, bringing hatred and contempt against the Government, influence others to alter the law by unlawful means, raise discontent of others, cause displeasure towards the adminstration of justice and promoting feelings of ill-will within the ethnic groups in Singapore.

<click here> for the a detailed explanation.





♥ The Straits Times, 2009, The Straits Times Online, viewed 19 September 2009, <http://www.straitstimes.com/Breaking%2Bn=News/Singapore/Sotry/STIStory_331778.html&gt;

♥ The Straits Times, 2009, The Straits Times Online, viewed 19 September 2009, <http://www.straitstimes.com/Breaking%2Bn=News/Singapore/Sotry/STIStory_388482.html&gt;


^ Mypaper, 22 August 2009, pages 26-27.


Tintin Au Congo was in the spotlight of controversy as it depicted illustrations that were racially offensive.

It was taken off the shelves of Brooklyn libraries, New York, after a reader complained that the the comic promoted racist illustrations and was therefore deemed inappropriate for children.

Depicting Africans as monkeys and congolese children referred by Snowy, Tintin’s dog, as “not very bright” implies discrimination, were some of the highlighted illustrations that the reader found offensive.

♦ Example(s) of illustrations from the comic that posed racism meanings:





The racist tones within the comic (depicting Africans as naive and primitive) reflects the values of colonialism at that time in Belgium, which unfortunately belongs to a part in history.

Hergé later described that Tintin Au Congo was the “sin of his youth”. Earlier series of other Tintin comics have also been slammed for being facist, cruel and violent. Due to the extensive coverage from the media, caused massive sales for the comic worldwide.




Tintin Au Congo is part of The Adventures of Tintin series, created by a Belgian artist, Georges Remi (pen name Hergé, 1907 – 1983).

– Originally published in black and white in 1931.

– Redrawn in 1946 with additional changes in 1975 and reprinted in colour.

– In 2007, the Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) of UK called the removal of the comic as it was inappropriate reading material for children in the children’s section of Borders.

– In 2009, it faces controversy yet again in Brooklyn, New York, where it was displayed in the public library and now hidden.

The Adventures of Tintin series has sold over 200 million copies worldwide and available in 50 languages.



The attached article above was mostly based on the New York Daily News.

♦ To read the article featured above, please follow this link.    >>>>>    <click here> (*note: the mypaper website only archives upto 30 days prior to today’s date)

♦ To read the article from NY Daily, please follow this link.    >>>>>    <click here>

♦ Additional articles about the controversy:

Daily Telegraph – 15 July 2007, 01 September 2009




Images (keywords: tintin in the congo) – http://images.google.com.sg/, viewed 20 September 2009.

1. Media Development Authority (MDA)

MDA Homepage: http://www.mda.gov.sg/wms.www/index_flash.aspx

A statutory board that serves to create a sustainable environment to support, grow and expand the Singapore media industry. Offers various schemes and initiatives from animation to films or television and radio. At the annual Media Business Forum, MDA announced that the Singapore government will spend S$250 million to continue growing the media industry (see press release on 12 March 2009 attached):


♦ MDA Business Centre. Follow this link for press release and media financing-related news surrounding the Singapore media scene: http://www.smf.sg/BusinessCentre/Pages/SMFValueProposition.aspx


2. Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) News

ABC Homepage: http://www.abc.net.au/

Major broadcasting radio network in Australia. The ABC news website was launched on 14 August 2005 that covers widely on key events and issues relating to the media.

♦ Radio National Media Report – A great resource, with transcripts and podcasts available: http://www.abc.net.au/rn/mediareport/


3. British Broadcasting Channel (BBC) News

BBC Homepage: http://www.bbc.co.uk/

BBC is a well-known broadcasting network based in the UK. Provides live television and radio clips round the clock. Its website supports 32 languages and allows partial customization on the flow of news content to appear.

♦ BBC – Media Studies. This resource host other links to media news in the UK: http://www.bbc.co.uk/learning/subjects/media_studies.shtml

♦ Examples of links it supports:

◊ Community Media Association – http://www.commedia.org.uk/

◊ Periodical Publishers Association (PPA) – http://www.ppa.co.uk/


4. Voice of the Shuttle (VoS)

VoS Homepage: http://vos.ucsb.edu/index.asp

This website hosts a compilation of resource links that covers a wide range of topics such as Arts, Media Studies, Cyber Culture, and others. It was setup in the United States, California, Saint Barbara in 1994. Though a resourceful website, the overall navigation of the website is not very user-friendly.

♦ VoS for Media Studies:

◊ A resourceful link which support articles and library collections: http://vos.ucsb.edu/browse.asp?id=2720

◊ A resourceful link that supports collections of journals: http://vos.ucsb.edu/browse.asp?id=2720#id3680

♦ Examples of secondary links to the above resource(s):

◊ Prifysgol Aberystwyth / Aberystwyth University – TV Studies – http://www.aber.ac.uk/media/Sections/tv10.html

◊ Murdoch University – Continuum: The Australian Journal of Media & Culture: http://wwwmcc.murdoch.edu.au/ReadingRoom/continuum2.html


5. Google Books

The search engine is a vast resource to obtain specific information about a topic or discussion using keywords. Follow the attached link below to access relevant books archived online for the purposes of media studies:


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